What is Halal Meat?
Halal is Arabic for permissible. Halal food is that which adheres to Islamic law, as defined in the Koran. The Islamic form of slaughtering animals or poultry involves killing through a cut to the jugular vein, carotid artery and windpipe.
Animals must be alive and healthy at the time of slaughter and all blood is drained from the carcass. During the process, a Muslim will recite a dedication, know as tasmiya or shahada.
Halal Meat Market UK
A number of supermarkets including Marks and Spencer, Tesco, Morrisons, and the Co-op all sell halal lamb. The HFA (Halal Food Authority) estimates 15% of all meat slaughtered in the UK is halal compliant. Some Waitrose lamb products are given a Halal blessing, but are not supplied separately and are therefore not considered halal.
Supermarkets selling halal products say they stun all animals before slaughter. Tesco says the only difference between the halal meat it sells and other meat is that it was blessed as it was killed.
Stunning cannot be used to kill an animal, according to the Halal Food Authority (HFA), a non-profit organisation that monitors adherence to halal principles. But it can be used if the animal survives and is then killed by halal methods, HFA adds. The HFA says many slaughterhouses will have chosen to move to halal processes so they do not lose Muslim customers.
The latest census suggests there are 2.7 million Muslims in the UK, with a spending power estimated in the region of £20bn.
Edited for YouHalal.com via BBC News: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-27324224
Also see: Halal food is a bigger market for UK than China: https://www.foodmanufacture.co.uk/Article/2017/03/15/Halal-food-is-a-bigger-market-for-the-UK-than-China